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vmsbackup(1) [bsd man page]

VMSBACKUP(1)						      General Commands Manual						      VMSBACKUP(1)

vmsbackup - read a VMS backup tape SYNOPSIS
vmsbackup -{tx}[cdenvw][s setnumber][f tapefile] [ name ... ] DESCRIPTION
vmsbackup reads a VMS generated backup tape, converting the files to Unix format and writing the files to disc. The default operation of the program is to go through an entire tape, extracting every file and writing it to disc. This may be modified by the following options. c Use complete filenames, including the version number. A colon and the octal version number will be appended to all filenames. A colon, rather than a semicolon, is used since the Unix Shell uses the semicolon as the line separator. Using a colon prevents the user from having to escape the semicolon when referencing the filename. This option is useful only when multiple versions of the same file are on a single tape or when a file of the same name already exists in the destination directory. The default is to ignore version numbers. d use the directory structure from VMS, the default value is off. e Process all filename extensions. Since this program is mainly intended to move source code and possibly data from a DEC system to a Unix system, the default is to ignore all files whose filename extension specifies system dependent data. The file types which will be ignored, unless the e option is specified, are exe VMS executable file lib VMS object library file obj RSX object file odl RSX overlay description file olb RSX object library file pmd RSX post mortem dump file stb RSX task symbol table file sys RSX bootable system file tsk RSX executable task file f Use the next argument in the command line as the tape device to be used, rather than the default. If vmsbackup is compiled with the remote tape option and the file name has the form system[.user]:/dev/??? vmsbackup will use the tape drive /dev/??? on the remote system system, via rsh(1), and rmt(8). The optional user portion of the pathname specifies the login name to use on the remote system. If it is not supplied, the current user's login name will be used. In all the cases, the user must have the appropriate permissions on the remote machine, in order to use this facility. The default is /dev/rmt8 (drive 0, raw mode, 1600 bpi). This must be a raw mode tape device. n If the tape has a variable-length record format, then do not append a newline onto the end of the records. This option does not affect stream or FORTRAN files. s saveset Process only the given saveset number. t Produce a table of contents (a directory listing) on the standard output of the files on tape. v Verbose output. Normally vmsbackup does its work silently. The verbose option will cause the filenames of the files being read from tape to disk to be output on the standard output. w vmsbackup prints the action to be taken followed by file name, then wait for user confirmation. If a word beginning with `y' is given, the action is done. Any other input means don't do it. x extract the named files from the tape. The optional name argument specifies one or more filenames to be searched for specifically on the tape and only those files are to be processed. The name may contain the usal sh(1) meta-characters *?![] 0n. FILES
/dev/rmtx SEE ALSO
rmtops(3) BUGS
The filename match uses the complete VMS file names. AUTHOR
John Douglas Carey Sven-Ove Westberg VMSBACKUP(1)

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TP(1)							      General Commands Manual							     TP(1)

tp - manipulate tape archive SYNOPSIS
tp [ key ] [ name ... ] DESCRIPTION
Tp saves and restores files on DECtape or magtape. Its actions are controlled by the key argument. The key is a string of characters con- taining at most one function letter and possibly one or more function modifiers. Other arguments to the command are file or directory names specifying which files are to be dumped, restored, or listed. In all cases, appearance of a directory name refers to the files and (recursively) subdirectories of that directory. The function portion of the key is specified by one of the following letters: r The named files are written on the tape. If files with the same names already exist, they are replaced. `Same' is determined by string comparison, so `./abc' can never be the same as `/usr/dmr/abc' even if `/usr/dmr' is the current directory. If no file argument is given, `.' is the default. u updates the tape. u is like r, but a file is replaced only if its modification date is later than the date stored on the tape; that is to say, if it has changed since it was dumped. u is the default command if none is given. d deletes the named files from the tape. At least one name argument must be given. This function is not permitted on magtapes. x extracts the named files from the tape to the file system. The owner and mode are restored. If no file argument is given, the entire contents of the tape are extracted. t lists the names of the specified files. If no file argument is given, the entire contents of the tape is listed. The following characters may be used in addition to the letter which selects the function desired. m Specifies magtape as opposed to DECtape. 0,...,7 This modifier selects the drive on which the tape is mounted. For DECtape, x is default; for magtape `0' is the default. v Normally tp does its work silently. The v (verbose) option causes it to type the name of each file it treats preceded by the function letter. With the t function, v gives more information about the tape entries than just the name. c means a fresh dump is being created; the tape directory is cleared before beginning. Usable only with r and u. This option is assumed with magtape since it is impossible to selectively overwrite magtape. i Errors reading and writing the tape are noted, but no action is taken. Normally, errors cause a return to the command level. f Use the first named file, rather than a tape, as the archive. This option is known to work only with x. w causes tp to pause before treating each file, type the indicative letter and the file name (as with v) and await the user's response. Response y means `yes', so the file is treated. Null response means `no', and the file does not take part in whatever is being done. Response x means `exit'; the tp command terminates immediately. In the x function, files previously asked about have been extracted already. With r, u, and d no change has been made to the tape. FILES
/dev/tap? /dev/mt? SEE ALSO
ar(1), tar(1) DIAGNOSTICS
Several; the non-obvious one is `Phase error', which means the file changed after it was selected for dumping but before it was dumped. BUGS
A single file with several links to it is treated like several files. Binary-coded control information makes magnetic tapes written by tp difficult to carry to other machines; tar(1) avoids the problem. deprecated TP(1)
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