PCOND(1) General Commands Manual PCOND(1)
pcond - condition a RADIANCE picture for output
pcond [ options ] input [ output ]
Pcond conditions a Radiance picture for output to a display or hard copy device. If the dynamic range of the scene exceeds that of the
display (as is usually the case), pcond will compress the dynamic range of the picture such that both dark and bright regions are visible.
In addition, certain limitations in human vision may be mimicked in order to provide an appearance similar to the experience one might have
in the actual scene.
Command line switches turn flags off and on, changing program behavior. A switch given by itself toggles the flag from off to on or on to
off depending on its previous state. A switch followed by a '+' turns the option on explicitly. A switch followed by a '-' turns the
option off. The default is all switches off. Other options specify output device parameters in order to get more accurate color and con-
-h[+-] Mimic human visual response in the output. The goal of this process is to produce output that correlates strongly with a per-
son's subjective impression of a scene. This switch is a bundle of the -a, -v, -s and -c options.
-a[+-] Defocus darker regions of the image to simulate human visual acuity loss. This option will not affect well-lit scenes.
-v[+-] Add veiling glare due to very bright regions in the image. This simulates internal scattering in the human eye, which results in
a loss of visible contrast near bright sources.
-s[+-] Use the human contrast sensitivity function in determining the exposure for the image. A darker scene will have relatively lower
exposure with lower contrast than a well-lit scene.
-c[+-] If parts of the image are in the mesopic or scotopic range where the cone photoreceptors lose their efficiency, this switch will
cause a corresponding loss of color visibility in the output and a shift to a scotopic (blue-dominant) response function.
-w[+-] Use a center-weighted average for the exposure rather than the default uniform average. This may improve the exposure for scenes
with high or low peripheral brightness.
Set the relative importance of fixation points to fixfrac, which is a value between 0 and 1. If fixfrac is zero (the default),
then no fixation points are used in determining the local or global adaptation. If fixfrac is greater than zero, then a list of
fixation points is read from the standard input. These points are given as tab-separated (x,y) picture coordinates, such as
those produced by the -op option of ximage(1). The foveal samples about these fixation points will then be weighted together
with the global averaging scheme such that the fixations receive fixfrac of the total weight. If fixfrac is one, then only the
fixation points are considered for adaptation.
-I[+-] Rather than computing a histogram of foveal samples from the source picture, use the precomputed histogram provided on the stan-
dard input. This data should be given in pairs of the base-10 logarithm of world luminance and a count for each bin in ascending
order, as computed by the phisto(1) script. This option is useful for producing identical exposures of multiple pictures (as in
an animation), and provides greater control over the histogram computation.
-l[+-] Use a linear response function rather than the standard dynamic range compression algorithm. This will prevent the loss of
usable physical values in the output picture, although some parts of the resulting image may be too dark or too bright to see.
-e expval Set the exposure adjustment for the picture to expval. This may either be a real multiplier, or a (fractional) number of f-stops
preceeded by a '+' or '-'. This option implies a linear response (see the -l option above).
-u Ldmax Specifies the top of the luminance range for the target output device. That is, the luminance (in candelas/m^2) for an output
pixel value of (R,G,B)=(1,1,1). The default value is 100 cd/m^2.
-d Lddyn Specifies the dynamic range for the target output device, which is the ratio of the maximum and minimum usable display lumi-
nances. The default value is 32.
-p xr yr xg yg xb yb xw yw
Specifies the RGB primaries for the target output device. These are the 1931 CIE (x,y) chromaticity values for red, green, blue
and white, respectively.
Use the given output file from macbethcal(1) to precorrect the color and contrast for the target output device. This does a more
thorough job than a simple primary correction using the -p option. Only one of -f or -p may be given.
Put out the final mapping from world luminance to display luminance to mapfile. This file will contain values from the minimum
usable world luminance to the maximum (in candelas/m^2) in one column, and their corresponding display luminance values (also in
candelas/m^2) in the second column. This file may be used for debugging purposes, or to plot the mapping function created by
To display an image as a person might perceive it in the actual scene:
pcond -h final.hdr > display.hdr
ximage display.hdr ; rm display.hdr &
To do the same on a 24-bit display with known primary values:
setenv DISPLAY_PRIMARIES ".580 .340 .281 .570 .153 .079 .333 .333"
pcond -h -p $DISPLAY_PRIMARIES final.hdr | ximage &
To prepare a picture to be sent to a film recorder destined eventually for a slide projector with a minimum and maximum screen luminance of
1.5 and 125 candelas/m^2, respectively:
pcond -d 83 -u 125 final.hdr > film.hdr
To do the same if the output colors of the standard image "ray/lib/lib/macbeth_spec.hdr" have been measured:
macbethcal -c mbfilm.xyY > film.cal
pcond -d 83 -u 125 -f film.cal final.hdr > film.hdr
To further tweak the exposure to bring out certain areas indicated by dragging the right mouse button over them in ximage:
ximage -op -t 75 final.hdr | pcond -i .5 -d 83 -u 125 -f film.cal final.hdr > film.hdr
To use a histogram computed on every 10th animation frame:
phisto frame*0.hdr > global.hist
pcond -I -s -c frame0352.hdr < global.hist | ra_tiff - frame0352.tif
Greg Ward Larson, Holly Rushmeier, Christine Piatko, ``A Visibility Matching Tone Reproduction Operator for High Dynamic Range Scenes,''
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics , December 1997.
Greg Ward Larson
getinfo(1), macbethcal(1), normtiff(1), pcompos(1), pflip(1), phisto(1), pinterp(1), pvalue(1), protate(1), ra_xyze(1), rad(1), rpict(1),