LINT(1) General Commands Manual LINT(1)
lint - a C program verifier
lint [ -abchnpuvx ] file ...
Lint attempts to detect features of the C program files which are likely to be bugs, or non-portable, or wasteful. It also checks the type
usage of the program more strictly than the compilers. Among the things which are currently found are unreachable statements, loops not
entered at the top, automatic variables declared and not used, and logical expressions whose value is constant. Moreover, the usage of
functions is checked to find functions which return values in some places and not in others, functions called with varying numbers of argu-
ments, and functions whose values are not used.
By default, it is assumed that all the files are to be loaded together; they are checked for mutual compatibility. Function definitions
for certain libraries are available to lint; these libraries are referred to by a conventional name, such as `-lm', in the style of ld(1).
Arguments ending in .ln are also treated as library files. To create lint libraries, use the -C option:
lint -Cfoo files . . .
where files are the C sources of library foo. The result is a file llib-lfoo.ln in the correct library format suitable for linting pro-
grams using foo.
Any number of the options in the following list may be used. The -D, -U, and -I options of cc(1) are also recognized as separate argu-
p Attempt to check portability to the IBM and GCOS dialects of C.
h Apply a number of heuristic tests to attempt to intuit bugs, improve style, and reduce waste.
b Report break statements that cannot be reached. (This is not the default because, unfortunately, most lex and many yacc outputs
produce dozens of such comments.)
v Suppress complaints about unused arguments in functions.
x Report variables referred to by extern declarations, but never used.
a Report assignments of long values to int variables.
c Complain about casts which have questionable portability.
u Do not complain about functions and variables used and not defined, or defined and not used (this is suitable for running lint on a
subset of files out of a larger program).
n Do not check compatibility against the standard library.
z Do not complain about structures that are never defined (e.g. using a structure pointer without knowing its contents.).
Exit(2) and other functions which do not return are not understood; this causes various lies.
Certain conventional comments in the C source will change the behavior of lint:
at appropriate points stops comments about unreachable code.
suppresses the usual checking for variable numbers of arguments in the following function declaration. The data types of the first
n arguments are checked; a missing n is taken to be 0.
shuts off strict type checking in the next expression.
turns on the -v option for the next function.
at the beginning of a file shuts off complaints about unused functions in this file.
S.C. Johnson. Lint library construction implemented by Edward Wang.
/usr/share/lint/llib-lc.ln declarations for standard functions
/usr/share/lint/llib-lc human readable version of above
/usr/share/lint/llib-port.ln declarations for portable functions
/usr/share/lint/llib-port human readable . . .
llib-l*.ln library created with -C
S. C. Johnson, Lint, a C Program Checker
There are some things you just can't get lint to shut up about.
/*NOSTRICT*/ is not implemented in the current version (alas).
4th Berkeley Distribution October 22, 1996 LINT(1)