The truss utility traces the system calls called by the specified process or program. Output is to the speci-
fied output file, or standard error by default. It does this by stopping and restarting the process being moni-
tored via ptrace(2).
The options are as follows:
-f Trace descendants of the original traced process created by fork(2), vfork(2), etc.
-a Show the argument strings that are passed in each execve(2) system call.
-c Do not display individual system calls. Instead, before exiting, print a summary containing for each
system call: the total system time used, the number of times the call was invoked, and the number of
times the call returned with an error.
-e Show the environment strings that are passed in each execve(2) system call.
-d Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since the trace was started.
-D Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since the last recorded event.
-S Do not display information about signals received by the process. (Normally, truss displays signal as
well as system call events.)
Print the output to the specified file instead of standard error.
Display strings using at most strsize characters. If the buffer is larger, ``...'' will be displayed at
the end of the string. The default strsize is 32.
-p pid Follow the process specified by pid instead of a new command.
Execute command and trace the system calls of it. (The -p and command options are mutually exclusive.)
# Follow the system calls used in echoing "hello"
$ truss /bin/echo hello
# Do the same, but put the output into a file
$ truss -o /tmp/truss.out /bin/echo hello
# Follow an already-running process
$ truss -p 34