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Creating a calculator with condition

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# 1  
Old 11-20-2017
Creating a calculator with condition

Use and complete the template provided. The entire template must be completed. If you don't, your post may be deleted!

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data:

Create a calculator application in your home folder called itncacl that will perform the following applications:

Add two numbers
Subtract two numbers
Multiply two numbers
Divide two numbers
You cannot divide by zero, so create a condition that checks for and prevents a that condition.

2. Relevant commands, code, scripts, algorithms:



3. The attempts at a solution (include all code and scripts):
Code:
#!/bin/bash

clear


echo "Enter the first number:"
read n1

echo "Choose an operation:"
echo "1. add"
echo "2. subtract"
echo "3. multiply"
echo "4. divide"
read opr

echo "Enter the second number:"
read n2

if [ $opr = "1" ]
   then
      echo $((n1+n2))
elif [ $opr = "2" ]
   then
      echo $((n1-n2))
elif [ $opr = "3" ]
   then
      echo $((n1*n2))
elif [ $opr = "4" ]
   then
       echo $((n1/n2))
fi
exit 0

My only question is how do I add to my code so that when I try to divide by zero it will show Cannot divide by zero or invalid? Thanks!

4. Complete Name of School (University), City (State), Country, Name of Professor, and Course Number (Link to Course):
Northern Virginia Comm College, VA, USA, Saleh, ITN171

Note: Without school/professor/course information, you will be banned if you post here! You must complete the entire template (not just parts of it).

Last edited by Scott; 11-20-2017 at 04:07 PM.. Reason: Please use code tags
# 2  
Old 11-20-2017
I would think the simplest way to handle this would be to add an additional condition inside your pre-existing condition (that is not related to Obama Care ) to test if "n2" is 0 (zero) before you attempt to divide by it:

Code:
elif [ $opr = "4" ]
   then
     ... test if n2 is zero, if not, do this...
       echo $((n1/n2))
    ... else do this
fi

e.g.
Code:
...
elif [ $opr = "4" ]
   then
     if [ "$n2" != 0 ]; then # for numbers, normally, you would use "-ne" (not equal to) in place of "!=",  but you didn't sanitise the input
       echo $((n1/n2))
     else
       echo "Divide by zero"
     fi
fi
...

If the intention is not to show that you are dividing by zero, but to prevent it doing so altogether, you can amend the existing elif that handles that case to also check that "n2" is not zero. Talking of which, it may be better (simpler) to use a "case" statement instead of "if" - ifs can get a bit clumsy looking, when there's lots of elifs going on.
The Following User Says Thank You to Scott For This Useful Post:
mugiboya (11-20-2017)
# 3  
Old 11-20-2017
Made it work! Thanks!
# 4  
Old 11-21-2017
Scotts solution has the disadvantage that, if someone would enter 00 as the second number, you would still get a division by zero.

In general, I prefer testing numerical values in numerical context, for instance

Code:
if (( n2 == 0 ))
then
  ...
else
  ...
fi

The Following User Says Thank You to rovf For This Useful Post:
Scott (11-21-2017)
# 5  
Old 02-22-2018
How about SED commands? Will they work for such a task? I should extract records based on a particular condition in my project.
# 6  
Old 02-22-2018
Quote:
Originally Posted by florachavezz
How about SED commands? Will they work for such a task? I should extract records based on a particular condition in my project.
Sorry, I don't quite understand the point here. In your posting, you wrote: My only question is how do I add to my code so that when I try to divide by zero it will show Cannot divide by zero or invalid? I don't see how this relates to record extraction.

If you have questions about other subjects, please create separate posts.
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