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Shell Script - awk, begin, for and print

 
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# 1  
Shell Script - awk, begin, for and print

Code:
pointsb=`awk -v a2="$a2" -v b2="$b2" -v c2="$c2" -v yb="$yb" -v yc="$yc" \
	'BEGIN { for (y=yc; y<=yb; y++) { x = a2*y*y+b2*y+c2; print x, y }; }'`

I am learning shell script. I was reading a script and got confused in this line.
I understood that awk is allowing to assign the variable.

But I don't know how this line working.
Can anyone explain it, please?
# 2  
The BEGIN section is a section of code awk reads before it reads any files.

It is not running shell code, which is why it looks so different, it's running awk code, it's its own language.

Code:
for (y=yc; y<=yb; y++) { x = a2*y*y+b2*y+c2; print x, y };

If yc=0 and yb=4, it loops 5 times, with y=0, y=1, y=2, y=3, y=4, y=5, following the mathematical formula given to calculate new results for x, then prints the coordinates.
# 3  
What is the job print x,y here?

and assuming that x becomes 25 at the end of the loop, what will be the value of pointsb
# 4  
pointsb will hold all the x-y coordinates of this inverse parabola, as printed out by print x,y, separated by <newline> chars.
# 5  
Code:
pointsb=`awk -v a2="$a2" -v b2="$b2" -v c2="$c2" -v yb="$yb" -v yc="$yc" \
	'BEGIN { for (y=yc; y<=yb; y++) { x = a2*y*y+b2*y+c2; print x, y }; }'`

can write it like this?
Code:
pointsb = ""
for (y=yc; y<=yb; y++) { 
    x = a2*y*y+b2*y+c2; 
    pointsb = "$pointsb $x $y "
}

# 6  
No - your mixing up shell and awk, a program.
pointsb is a shell variable. The `...` is the old, deprecated form of command substitution. awk is the program being called, the -v...s are awk-variable-definitions used to transfer shell variables to awk variables, the literal string '...' is an awk script, and finally the awk output is being assigned to pointsb.
# 7  
Quote:
Originally Posted by RudiC
No - your mixing up shell and awk, a program.
pointsb is a shell variable. The `...` is the old, deprecated form of command substitution. awk is the program being called, the -v...s are awk-variable-definitions used to transfer shell variables to awk variables, the literal string '...' is an awk script, and finally the awk output is being assigned to pointsb.
Is it not possible to write the line of code without awk then?

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