Problem with maximum files and directories

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Operating Systems Linux Debian Problem with maximum files and directories
# 1  
Problem with maximum files and directories


I'm using Kali linux, I think it's a debian linux ?

I'm trying to create a folder in which there'll be 256 folders, and in each of this folders there will also be 256 folders.

Then in each terminate folders I want to create 4096 files.

It will look like /dir/aa/aa/aaa.txt, /dir/aa/aa/aab.txt, and so on.

Problem is when I try to fill the files, I'm using php (which may not be the best idea, but I need some functions such as sha512), so I open a big text file and read it to dispatch every line in its specific file. When I only have the 4096 files (ie. without all the directories before), there's no problem reading and writing, it's going quite fast.

When I try with all the directories, the read/write process takes super long time, like one minute to print one line into a file.

Do I reached the limit of files ? For what I thought, I could create up to 2^32 files in a directory.

Is php struggling ? Will perl or bash be better for that ? If so I need hashing functions that are not in bash.

If you guys have any idea, I'll be glad to hear it.

Thank you in advance Smilie

Last edited by rbatte1; 08-25-2015 at 02:01 PM..
# 2  
Could you describe your algorithm and show code who write to file ?

# 3  
Do you have all 4096 files open at the same time?

There are possibilities, but as disedorgue mentioned, some code would clear things up.
# 4  
Thank you for answering.

I should have post some code, that would have make things easier for sure.

I'm not trying to open 4096 files at the same time, I open the files, add a line, then close, and so on.

I decided to try with less directories, as in my previous example it would have make about 200 millions files. SO now I only have one directory with one hexadecimal letter. Then into each dir I have 4096 files, which is 65536 files at the end.

I also switched to perl as I thought it would be faster, but even with that the writing takes ages.

Here's some code :

#! /usr/bin/perl
use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_hex);
my $file = 'list';
open my $info, $file || die "Could not open $file: $!";
while( my $line = <$info>)  {   
    $line =~ s/\r|\n//g;
    my $md5 = md5_hex($line);
    my $add = substr $md5,0,1;
    my $add2 = substr $md5,1,3;
    my $add3 = substr $md5,4,3;
    $outfile = "md5hash__/".$add."/md5".$add2.".txt";
        open (FILE, ">> $outfile") || die "problem opening $outfile\n";
    print FILE $add3."\n".$line."\n";

Don't mind the code, it was just to try and see the speed.

Thank you for your help Smilie

EDIT : I should say, the file I'm opening for reading is about 25gB heavy. But that wasn't a problem when I only had 4096 files to write, so I thought it would be the same with 65536.

Last edited by ganon551; 08-24-2015 at 02:23 PM..
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