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Migrating LUNs to new storage array


 
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Operating Systems AIX Migrating LUNs to new storage array
# 1  
Migrating LUNs to new storage array

All,


I have a AIX server with multiple volumes and I need to move them from a legacy storage SAN to a new SAN. We are concerned because to use mirrorvg as we would have to run on a single HBA (one on the old SAN and one on the new). Our other option is to use an appliance to do a block migration offline.


I don't know a lot about AIX but if I wanted to do an offline migration in HPUX I would do a VGexport and create a map file, then I'd export the the vg and then removed it. Then I'd shut down the server, remove the old disk, add the new disk and then power the server back on. Once on I'm do a vgimport with the map file and I'd be back in business (steps below). Is there a similar process for AIX, I can find anything like it that is documented. Can someone help me with my options?




1. Create a map file of the volume group on source server.
Code:
# vgexport -p -s -m /tmp/<vgname>.mapfile /dev/<vgname>  2. Check that the map files contains the VGID at the first line and logical volumes name at the next lines. 
# cat /tmp/<vgname>.mapfile  Example: 
# vgexport -p -s -m /tmp/vg00.mapfile /dev/vg00 vgexport: Volume group "/dev/vg00" is still active. vgexport: Preview of vgexport on volume group "/dev/vg00" succeeded. 
# cat /tmp/vg00.mapfile VGID 1e69dc32486a8cc1 1 lvol1 2 lvol2 3 lvol3 4 lvol4 5 lvol5 6 lvol6 7 lvol7 8 lvol8 9 test

2. Copy the mapfile to the remote server or any external storage. Create backups of the mapfile(s).
Remove LVM volume group from from the source host

3. Stop all access to the storage devices, unmount file system if required, disable the volume group and export the volume group. Alternative if the system will be decommisioned just shutdown the server.
Code:
  vgchange -a n /dev/<vgname> # vgexport /dev/<vgname>

4. Remove the device special files of the physical volumes that will be moved to a different host.
Code:
 # rmsf -H <HW Path>   or alternative: 
 # rmsf -a /dev/dsk/c#t#d#

5. Remove the disk(s) or unpresent the logical units (LUN) them from the source host. This task is specific the backing storage subsystem used.
Import the LVM volume group on the target server

6. Add or present the old disk(s) (physical volumes) to the target server. This task is specific the storage or SAN platform in use..
7. Scan for new hardware and create the new special device files if not already present.
Code:
 # ioscan -fnC disk # insf -e

8. Create the LVM volume group special device file to import the volume group. Verify that mknod uses hexacimal instead of decimal numbering scheme.
Code:
 # mkdir /dev/<vgname> # mknod /dev/<vgname>/group c 64 0x##0000

9. Import the volume group using the map file. Since the map files contains the VGID, you don't need to specify the new physical volume paths because every disk on the storage subsytem will be scanned to match against the mapfile VGID. This is the prefered method. Alternative, you can especify every physical volume path to the vgimport command if those are know before hand.
Code:
 # vgimport -s -m /tmp/<vgname>.map /dev/<vgname>

Thanks in advance.
Moderator's Comments:
Mod Comment
Our eyes and brains provide better responses when code tags are used.
Please, numerate steps you took in sequence.

Last edited by Peasant; 09-13-2019 at 02:12 PM.. Reason: Everything.
# 2  
Take a peek at this:
IBM Knowledge Center


Sorry, I don't have much time to go into depth on this one right now, but yes you can export the vg and import the vg on a new system.
example:
NodeA

  1. unmount all FS
  2. varyoffvg <vgname>
  3. exportvg <vgname>
  4. rmdev -dl hdiskX <where the vg resided>
NodeB
  1. Assuming everything is zoned for the lun.
  2. cfgmgr
  3. lspv to find your new hdisk
  4. importvg -y <vgname> hdiskX
  5. mount the filesystems
  6. change characteristics as needed for the VG and FS
Should be noted that importvg creates file mount points and entries in the /etc/filesystems
# 3  
One thing I would add would be before importing the DG, have the storage team tell you what queue_depth you should be using and set accordingly

Code:
# chdev -l hdisknn -a queue_depth=#

If you've already imported, you can still run the above, but append "-P" to the end. This will make the change in the ODM (CuDv, I believe) and the settings will be applied next reboot.
# 4  
Just a thought (and trying to avoid downtime) can you not add the new LUNs into the VG and then migrate them with the server still live? I've done this very successfully and prevented needless hours of downtime (three weekends-worth)

The team I was helping to do this were very nervous and wanted the belt & braces approach so we:-
  1. Added the new LUNs to the VG
  2. Mirrored the LVs (no sync) and confirmed the layout was correct (not spread to old disks etc.)
  3. Ran a syncvg and left if. Any problems, we would drop the new leaving the old intact.
When it had completed, we:-
  1. Removed the mirror from the old/original disk
  2. Removed the original disks from the volume group
Like I say, this was done with the server online and processing. The volume manager deals with this very well, and whilst it takes a long time to synchronise, it's probably no worse than waiting for something else to migrate the data. It is also reversible up to the point you commit by removing the mirror copies on the old disks.

Why do you not want to have both SANs connected at the same time? The usual arrangement is to have the SAN connections passed through a switch rather than direct to the AIX host. Is there a reason that you could not just add the new SAN connections to these switches?



I hope this gives you an alternative,
Robin

Last edited by rbatte1; 09-16-2019 at 09:03 AM..

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