"Linux questions"

Post #40138 by Enigma777 on Tuesday 9th of September 2003 10:03:14 PM

Full Discussion: Linux questions
Linux questions

Hi everyone,

I came from a diffrent UNIX background and am trying to learn Linux (Red Hat) in a hurry. I would be very grateful if you could help me with the following questions. I know the answers for questions 1, 3, and 4 in a Sun Solaris environment, but not in Linux... Thanks in advance for your help!

1. When the command "touch" is used to create a file, it assigns some default permissions to the file. What would you do to make "touch" command create files with different default permissions?


2. Using bash shell, run the following commands in a clean directory:

for ((i=20000;i--;)) ; do touch test$i ; done
for ((i=10;i--;)) ; do touch file$i ; done

This will take a while.

Now try to list all files beginning with 'test':

ls test*

This will give an error:

bash: /bin/ls: Argument list too long

How would you get around this problem (i.e., successfully list all these files)?


3. How would you automatically mount a device each time the system starts up?


4. While trying to "umount" a device, it will fail if the device is busy. How would you determine which process is causing the device to be busy?


-- Enigma777
 
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LINUX-VERSION(1)					      General Commands Manual						  LINUX-VERSION(1)

NAME
linux-version - operate on Linux kernel version strings SYNOPSIS
linux-version compare VERSION1 OP VERSION2 linux-version sort [--reverse] [VERSION1 VERSION2 ...] linux-version list [--paths] DESCRIPTION
linux-version operates on Linux kernel version strings as reported by uname -r and used in file and directory names. These version strings do not follow the same rules as Debian package version strings and should not be compared as such or as arbitrary strings. compare VERSION1 OP VERSION2 Compare version strings, where OP is a binary operator. linux-version returns success (zero result) if the specified condition is satisfied, and failure (nonzero result) otherwise. The valid operators are: lt le eq ne ge gt sort [--reverse] [VERSION1 VERSION2 ...] Sort the given version strings and print them in order from lowest to highest. If the --reverse option is used, print them in order from highest to lowest. If no version strings are given as arguments, the version strings will instead be read from standard input, one per line. They may be suffixed by arbitrary text after a space, which will be included in the output. This means that, for example: linux-version list --paths | linux-version sort --reverse will list the installed versions and corresponding paths in order from highest to lowest version. list [--paths] List kernel versions installed in the customary location. If the --paths option, show the corresponding path for each version. AUTHOR
linux-version and this manual page were written by Ben Hutchings as part of the Debian linux-base package. 30 March 2011 LINUX-VERSION(1)

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