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Top Forums UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers physical memory Post 39542 by auswipe on Thursday 21st of August 2003 09:48:11 PM
Re: physical memory

Originally posted by cchien
It is just a general there a limit on the memory? I am looking into a process to store image files on the unix server which will be accessed by the application, and I just wonder if there is any limit regarding the physical or virtual memory. I am very new to unix, so thanks for any help!
Normally the hardware will limit the maximum amount of RAM a system can use. For example, most 32 bit Intel systems can handle a maximum of 4 gigs of RAM. There are some exceptions, but they are not common.

Swap file size will be limited by the filesystem that they sit on.
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MLOCKALL(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						       MLOCKALL(2)

mlockall, munlockall -- lock (unlock) the address space of a process LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h> int mlockall(int flags); int munlockall(void); DESCRIPTION
The mlockall system call locks into memory the physical pages associated with the address space of a process until the address space is unlocked, the process exits, or execs another program image. The following flags affect the behavior of mlockall: MCL_CURRENT Lock all pages currently mapped into the process's address space. MCL_FUTURE Lock all pages mapped into the process's address space in the future, at the time the mapping is established. Note that this may cause future mappings to fail if those mappings cause resource limits to be exceeded. Since physical memory is a potentially scarce resource, processes are limited in how much they can lock down. A single process can lock the minimum of a system-wide ``wired pages'' limit and the per-process RLIMIT_MEMLOCK resource limit. The munlockall call unlocks any locked memory regions in the process address space. Any regions mapped after an munlockall call will not be locked. RETURN VALUES
A return value of 0 indicates that the call succeeded and all pages in the range have either been locked or unlocked. A return value of -1 indicates an error occurred and the locked status of all pages in the range remains unchanged. In this case, the global location errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
mlockall() will fail if: [EINVAL] The flags argument is zero, or includes unimplemented flags. [ENOMEM] Locking the indicated range would exceed either the system or per-process limit for locked memory. [EAGAIN] Some or all of the memory mapped into the process's address space could not be locked when the call was made. [EPERM] The calling process does not have the appropriate privilege to perform the requested operation. SEE ALSO
mincore(2), mlock(2), mmap(2), munmap(2), setrlimit(2) STANDARDS
The mlockall() and munlockall() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1b-1993 (``POSIX.1''). HISTORY
The mlockall() and munlockall() functions first appeared in NetBSD 1.5. BUGS
The per-process resource limit is a limit on the amount of virtual memory locked, while the system-wide limit is for the number of locked physical pages. Hence a process with two distinct locked mappings of the same physical page counts as 2 pages against the per-process limit and as only a single page in the system limit. BSD
June 12, 1999 BSD

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