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Top Forums Programming Issue with Keyboard or Char Encoding During Migration Post 303046261 by hicksd8 on Tuesday 28th of April 2020 01:09:25 PM
Old 04-28-2020
Another thing I would say is, AFAIR, the only characters replaced by this "Replacement Character" placeholder are:

Nul
' <apostrophe>
" <double quote>

Does anyone else recall seeing any others?
 

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ICONV(1)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							  ICONV(1)

NAME
iconv - character set conversion SYNOPSIS
iconv [OPTION...] [-f encoding] [-t encoding] [inputfile ...] iconv -l DESCRIPTION
The iconv program converts text from one encoding to another encoding. More precisely, it converts from the encoding given for the -f option to the encoding given for the -t option. Either of these encodings defaults to the encoding of the current locale. All the input- files are read and converted in turn; if no inputfile is given, the standard input is used. The converted text is printed to standard out- put. The encodings permitted are system dependent. For the libiconv implementation, they are listed in the iconv_open(3) manual page. Options controlling the input and output format: -f encoding, --from-code=encoding Specifies the encoding of the input. -t encoding, --to-code=encoding Specifies the encoding of the output. Options controlling conversion problems: -c When this option is given, characters that cannot be converted are silently discarded, instead of leading to a conversion error. --unicode-subst=formatstring When this option is given, Unicode characters that cannot be represented in the target encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the Unicode code point. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. --byte-subst=formatstring When this option is given, bytes in the input that are not valid in the source encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the byte's value. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. --widechar-subst=formatstring When this option is given, wide characters in the input that are not valid in the source encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the byte's value. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. Options controlling error output: -s, --silent When this option is given, error messages about invalid or unconvertible characters are omitted, but the actual converted text is unaffected. The iconv -l or iconv --list command lists the names of the supported encodings, in a system dependent format. For the libiconv implementa- tion, the names are printed in upper case, separated by whitespace, and alias names of an encoding are listed on the same line as the encoding itself. EXAMPLES
iconv -f ISO-8859-1 -t UTF-8 converts input from the old West-European encoding ISO-8859-1 to Unicode. iconv -f KOI8-R --byte-subst="<0x%x>" --unicode-subst="<U+%04X>" converts input from the old Russian encoding KOI8-R to the locale encoding, substituting an angle bracket notation with hexadecimal numbers for invalid bytes and for valid but unconvertible characters. iconv --list lists the supported encodings. SEE ALSO
iconv_open(3) GNU
January 22, 2006 ICONV(1)

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