Top Forums Programming Issue with Keyboard or Char Encoding During Migration Post 303046246 by Neo on Tuesday 28th of April 2020 08:29:40 AM
Old 04-28-2020
Originally Posted by hicksd8
Yes, I see it correctly on the new site but I see replacement character symbol instead of the double quote marks on the old site.

What title do you see on the old site?
Old site title is broken.... due to encoding issue:

Issue with Keyboard or Char Encoding During Migration-screen-shot-2020-04-28-72601-pmjpg

New site, title is looking good:

Issue with Keyboard or Char Encoding During Migration-screen-shot-2020-04-28-72722-pmjpg

If we edit the title on the old site and replace the mojibake with regular double quotes, all will be OK.

But honestly, I would not worry about it; but of course we can if we want. It's been like this for nearly a decade and no one said anything about it before Smilie

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fvwm-menu-headlines(1)						  Fvwm Utilities					    fvwm-menu-headlines(1)

fvwm-menu-headlines - builds headlines menu definition for fvwm SYNOPSIS
fvwm-menu-headlines [ --help|-h|-? ] [ --version|-V ] [ --info [site] ] [ --site|-s site ] [ --name|-n name ] [ --title|-t title ] [ --item item ] [ --exec|-e exec-command ] [ --command|-e fvwm-command ] [ --icon-title icon ] [ --icon-item icon ] [ --icon-home icon ] [ --icon-error icon ] [ --wm-icons ] [ --frontpage [where] ] [ --proxy|-p host:port ] [ --file [file] ] [ --fake [file] ] [ --timeout seconds ] DESCRIPTION
This configurable perl script builds an fvwm menu definition for headlines of popular news web sites: FreshMeat, Slashdot, LinuxToday, DaemonNews, GNOME-News, KDE-News, RootPrompt, LinuxFr, ThinkGeek, CNN, BBC and more. It is possible to specify a customized menu item format, change a command (usually launching a browser) and add menu icons (there is a support for the wm-icons package). OPTIONS
--help show the help and exit --version show the version and exit --info [site] if site name is given print the site specific info, otherwise print all site names --site site defile a web site, headlines of which to show, this option also can be used together with --help to get new defaults. Default site: freshmeat. --name name define menu name (default is "MenuHeadlinesFreshmeat") --title title define menu title (default is "Freshmeat Headlines"). --item label-format --exec command-format define format for menu item or command (what is shown and what is executed when the item is chosen). Default label is '%h %[(%Y-%m-%d %H:%M)]'. TAB can be specified as ' ', but in .fvwm2rc you should specify a double backslash or a real TAB. Format specifiers for a headline format: %h - headline %u - url %d - date in the native format (that site backend supplied) %[strftime-argument-string] - date/time, see strftime(3) the date/time is represented according to the local time; date and/or time fields that can't be guessed are stripped Example: %[|%d %B %Y| %H:%M %S] If site supplied only date - this becomes %[|%d %B %Y|], if site supplied no date - this becomes an empty string. %{name} - site specific named value, like %{comments} %(text) - arbitrary text, good for escaping or aligning These specifiers can receive an optional integer size, positive for right adjusted string or negative for left adjusted, example: %8x; and optional *num or *-num, which means to leave only the first or last (if minus) num of chars, the num must be greater than 3, since the striped part is replaced with "...", example: %*30x. Both can be combined: %-10*-20x, this instructs to get only the 20 last characters, but if the length is less then 10 - to fill with up to 10 spaces on the right. Example: --exec "iceweasel -remote 'openURL(%u, new-window)' || iceweasel '%u'" --command command-format like --exec above, but enables to specify any fvwm command, for example, "Function FuncFvwmShowURL '%u'" not only Exec. In fact, --exec="mozilla '%u'" is equivalent to --command="Exec mozilla '%u'" --icon-title icon --icon-item icon --icon-home icon --icon-error icon define menu icon for title, regular item, frontpage item and error item respectively. Default is no menu icons (equivalent to an empty icon argument). --wm-icons define icon names suitable for use with wm-icons package. Currently this is equivalent to: --icon-title '' --icon-item menu/information.xpm --icon-home menu/home.xpm --icon-error menu/choice-no.xpm. --frontpage [where] add the site frontpage item to the menu. Optional value can be used to specify where this item will be placed in the menu - 'top' or 't', 'bottom' or 'b'. --proxy host[:port] define a proxy to use. Example: --proxy --file [file] write the menu output to specified file. If no filename is given with this option (or empty filename), the default filename WORK_HOME/ is used. Without this option or with '-' filename, the menu output is written to standard output. --fake [file] don't connect to the host using HTTP protocol, instead, read from WORK_HOME/ file. The following reads input from (downloaded and saves output to (both files are in WORK_HOME): fvwm-menu- headlines --site freshmeat --fake --file --timeout seconds limit a line reading from a socket to this timeout, the default timeout is 20 seconds. WORK_HOME of this script is ~/.fvwm/.fvwm-menu-headlines. It is created if needed. Option parameters can be specified either using '=' or in the next argument. Short options are ok if not ambiguous: "-h", "-t"; but be careful with short options, what is now unambiguous, can become ambiguous in the next versions. USAGE
1. One of the ways to use this script is to define a crontab entry to run the script every hour or so for every monitored site: 0,30 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site freshmeat 1,31 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site linuxtoday 2,32 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site slashdot Then add these lines to your fvwm configuration file: DestroyFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines AddToFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines + I Read "$HOME/.fvwm/.fvwm-menu-headlines/$" DestroyMenu MenuHeadlines AddToMenu MenuHeadlines "Headlines" Title + MissingSubmenuFunction FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines + "FreshMeat" Popup freshmeat + "LinuxToday" Popup linuxtoday + "Slashdot" Popup slashdot 2. Another way to use this script (only if you have fast network/proxy) is to run it every time you want to open your Headlines submenus. (Note, the submenu that is once created is not reloaded, use "Reset all".) In this case your fvwm configuration lines could be: DestroyFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines AddToFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines + I PipeRead "fvwm-menu-headlines --site $0" #+ I Schedule 900000 DestroyMenu $0 # reset generated menu in 15 minutes DestroyMenu MenuHeadlines AddToMenu MenuHeadlines "Headlines" Title + MissingSubmenuFunction FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines + "FreshMeat" Popup freshmeat + "Slashdot" Popup slashdot + "LinuxToday" Popup linuxtoday + "GNOME News" Popup gnome-news + "KDE News" Popup kde-news + "" Nop + "Reset all" FuncResetHeadlines DestroyFunc FuncResetHeadlines AddToFunc FuncResetHeadlines + I DestroyMenu freshmeat + I DestroyMenu linuxtoday + I DestroyMenu slashdot + I DestroyMenu gnome-news + I DestroyMenu kde-news And finally, add "Popup MenuHeadlines" somewhere. 3. Here is a usual usage. Use FvwmConsole or FvwmCommand to run fvwm commands from a shell script. Every time you want headlines from some site, execute (give any additional options if you want): PipeRead "fvwm-menu-headlines --site newsforge --name MenuHeadlinesNewsForge" # this may take several seconds, you may use: BusyCursor Read true Popup MenuHeadlinesNewsForge HOW TO ADD SITE HEADLINES
It is possible to add user defined site headlines without touching the script itself. Put your perl extensions to the file WORK_HOME/ For each site add something similar to: $site_info->{'myslashdot'} = { 'name' => "MySlashdot", 'host' => "", 'path' => "/myslashdot.xml", 'func' => &process_my_slashdot, # the following string is only used in --info 'flds' => 'time, title, department, topic, author, url', }; sub process_my_slashdot () { return process_xml( 'story', # mandatory 'h', 'u' and 'd' aliases or undef { 'h' => 'title', 'u' => 'url', 'd' => 'time' }, sub ($) { # convert 'd' string to (y, m, d, H, M, S) $_[0] =~ /(d+)-(d+)-(d+) (d+):(d+):(d+)/; ($1, ($2 || 0) - 1, $3, $4, $5, $6); }, +0, # timezone offset; already in UTC ); } 1; AUTHORS
This script is inspired by WMHeadlines v1.3 by: Jeff Meininger <> ( Reimplemented for fvwm and heavily enhanced by: Mikhael Goikhman <>, 16 Dec 1999. COPYING
The script is distributed by the same terms as fvwm itself. See GNU General Public License for details. BUGS
I try to keep all supported site info up to date, but sites often go down, change their backend formats, change their httpd responses, just stop to post news and so on; the script in the latest cvs may be more up to date. The headline times may be off by one hour or more, since the time is displayed for your local time zone, and the time zone of the original time in the site backend output is often guessed (sometimes incorrectly); similarly it is guessed whether to apply the daylight saving correction. Report bugs to 2.5.28 (from cvs) 2009-03-22 fvwm-menu-headlines(1)

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