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Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting Tracking process via ps command Post 302853399 by learnbash on Saturday 14th of September 2013 04:31:52 AM
Old 09-14-2013
Tracking process via ps command

Hello folks,

I am tracking a process httpd only. But when i am grepping it, it is returning me multiple process of httpd, second it is showing another process of monitorix-httpd. Below commands i have tried.

Current output

# ps ax |grep http
  929 ?        Ss     0:00 monitorix-httpd listening on 8080
 9551 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9552 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9554 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9555 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9556 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9557 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9558 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9559 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9560 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start
 9561 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd -k start

Expected output: one process that confirms that httpd is running, not all httpd child process and neither monitorx process.

expected output


Last edited by learnbash; 09-14-2013 at 05:40 AM.. Reason: correction of process name
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httpd_selinux(8)					httpd Selinux Policy documentation					  httpd_selinux(8)

httpd_selinux - Security Enhanced Linux Policy for the httpd daemon DESCRIPTION
Security-Enhanced Linux secures the httpd server via flexible mandatory access control. FILE_CONTEXTS SELinux requires files to have an extended attribute to define the file type. Policy governs the access daemons have to these files. SELinux httpd policy is very flexible allowing users to setup their web services in as secure a method as possible. The following file contexts types are defined for httpd: httpd_sys_content_t - Set files with httpd_sys_content_t if you want httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts and the daemon to read the file, and disallow other non sys scripts from access. httpd_sys_script_exec_t - Set cgi scripts with httpd_sys_script_exec_t to allow them to run with access to all sys types. httpd_sys_content_rw_t - Set files with httpd_sys_content_rw_t if you want httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts and the daemon to read/write the data, and disallow other non sys scripts from access. httpd_sys_content_ra_t - Set files with httpd_sys_content_ra_t if you want httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts and the daemon to read/append to the file, and disallow other non sys scripts from access. httpd_unconfined_script_exec_t - Set cgi scripts with httpd_unconfined_script_exec_t to allow them to run without any SELinux protection. This should only be used for a very complex httpd scripts, after exhausting all other options. It is better to use this script rather than turning off SELinux protection for httpd. NOTE
With certain policies you can define additional file contexts based on roles like user or staff. httpd_user_script_exec_t can be defined where it would only have access to "user" contexts. SHARING FILES
If you want to share files with multiple domains (Apache, FTP, rsync, Samba), you can set a file context of public_content_t and pub- lic_content_rw_t. These context allow any of the above domains to read the content. If you want a particular domain to write to the pub- lic_content_rw_t domain, you must set the appropriate boolean. allow_DOMAIN_anon_write. So for httpd you would execute: setsebool -P allow_httpd_anon_write=1 or setsebool -P allow_httpd_sys_script_anon_write=1 BOOLEANS
SELinux policy is customizable based on least access required. SELinux can be setup to prevent certain http scripts from working. httpd policy is extremely flexible and has several booleans that allow you to manipulate the policy and run httpd with the tightest access possi- ble. httpd can be setup to allow cgi scripts to be executed, set httpd_enable_cgi to allow this setsebool -P httpd_enable_cgi 1 SELinux policy for httpd can be setup to not allowed to access users home directories. If you want to allow access to users home directo- ries you need to set the httpd_enable_homedirs boolean and change the context of the files that you want people to access off the home dir. setsebool -P httpd_enable_homedirs 1 chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t ~user/public_html SELinux policy for httpd can be setup to not allow access to the controlling terminal. In most cases this is preferred, because an intruder might be able to use the access to the terminal to gain privileges. But in certain situations httpd needs to prompt for a password to open a certificate file, in these cases, terminal access is required. Set the httpd_tty_comm boolean to allow terminal access. setsebool -P httpd_tty_comm 1 httpd can be configured to not differentiate file controls based on context, i.e. all files labeled as httpd context can be read/write/exe- cute. Setting this boolean to false allows you to setup the security policy such that one httpd service can not interfere with another. setsebool -P httpd_unified 0 SELinu policy for httpd can be configured to turn on sending email. This is a security feature, since it would prevent a vulnerabiltiy in http from causing a spam attack. I certain situations, you may want http modules to send mail. You can turn on the httpd_send_mail bool- ean. setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail 1 httpd can be configured to turn off internal scripting (PHP). PHP and other loadable modules run under the same context as httpd. Therefore several policy rules allow httpd greater access to the system then is needed if you only use external cgi scripts. setsebool -P httpd_builtin_scripting 0 SELinux policy can be setup such that httpd scripts are not allowed to connect out to the network. This would prevent a hacker from break- ing into you httpd server and attacking other machines. If you need scripts to be able to connect you can set the httpd_can_network_con- nect boolean on. setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1 system-config-selinux is a GUI tool available to customize SELinux policy settings. AUTHOR
This manual page was written by Dan Walsh <>. SEE ALSO
selinux(8), httpd(8), chcon(1), setsebool(8) 17 Jan 2005 httpd_selinux(8)

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