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Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting Problems understanding example code Post 302338840 by Makaer on Wednesday 29th of July 2009 04:39:30 AM
Old 07-29-2009
Problems understanding example code

I am really new to UNIX and programming in general and so apologies if this thread is a bit simple.

I have searched and found a piece of sample code for a training program I am currently undertaking, but seeing as I am relatively new, I dont completely understand how it works.

Here is the code:

file=$1
set -- $(ls -ld $file)

perms=$1
owner=$3

[[ "$perms" = ?r???????? ]] && owner_read=YES
[[ "$perms" = ??w??????? ]] && owner_write=YES
[[ "$perms" = ???x?????? ]] && owner_exec=YES

[[ "$perms" = ????r????? ]] && group_read=YES
[[ "$perms" = ?????w???? ]] && group_write=YES
[[ "$perms" = ??????x??? ]] && group_exec=YES

[[ "$perms" = ???????r?? ]] && world_read=YES
[[ "$perms" = ????????w? ]] && world_write=YES
[[ "$perms" = ?????????x ]] && world_exec=YES

echo "perms: $perms"
echo "OWNER $owner ${owner_read:-NO} ${owner_write:-NO} ${owner_exec:-NO}"
echo "GROUP ${group_read:-NO} ${group_write:-NO} ${group_exec:-NO}"
echo "WORLD ${world_read:-NO} ${world_write:-NO} ${world_exec:-NO}"
Basically I understand how the script works generally, but I am just wondering whether the [[ ]] is equal to a shorthand if statement?

Also is ${owner_read:-NO} checking if the result from the above statement is null and then if so printing "NO"?

Sorry if this is a bit simple.

Thanks for any help.
 

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platform::shell(n)					       Tcl Bundled Packages						platform::shell(n)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME
platform::shell - System identification support code and utilities SYNOPSIS
package require platform::shell ?1.1.4? platform::shell::generic shell platform::shell::identify shell platform::shell::platform shell _________________________________________________________________ DESCRIPTION
The platform::shell package provides several utility commands useful for the identification of the architecture of a specific Tcl shell. This package allows the identification of the architecture of a specific Tcl shell different from the shell running the package. The only requirement is that the other shell (identified by its path), is actually executable on the current machine. While for most platform this means that the architecture of the interrogated shell is identical to the architecture of the running shell this is not generally true. A counter example are all platforms which have 32 and 64 bit variants and where a 64bit system is able to run 32bit code. For these running and interrogated shell may have different 32/64 bit settings and thus different identifiers. For applications like a code repository it is important to identify the architecture of the shell which will actually run the installed packages, versus the architecture of the shell running the repository software. COMMANDS
platform::shell::identify shell This command does the same identification as platform::identify, for the specified Tcl shell, in contrast to the running shell. platform::shell::generic shell This command does the same identification as platform::generic, for the specified Tcl shell, in contrast to the running shell. platform::shell::platform shell This command returns the contents of tcl_platform(platform) for the specified Tcl shell. KEYWORDS
operating system, cpu architecture, platform, architecture platform::shell 1.1.4 platform::shell(n)

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