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Operating Systems BSD Invitation to BSD Forum Members Post 302206386 by lvlamb on Tuesday 17th of June 2008 02:42:08 PM
Old 06-17-2008
Suggest to not divide *BSD into different churches.
There are less variants than Linux distros, and most traffic is not *BSD specific, but rather Xorg, applications or shell specific.
These threads you already have.
Suggest posters just specify the OS they are running on, current (specify) or release (number).
Many *BSD users multiboot UNIXes, *BSDs, Windows, OSX, ... aware of heterogenous networks.
Other people who can't dual boot, or startx, ... well ... this is not OS specific.
Unless there is a need to,
if it ain't broke, why fix it?
Test Your Knowledge in Computers #582
Difficulty: Medium
A buffered input or output stream is one in which data that is read or written is actually stored in memory in a buffer until such a time as the buffer is flushed and the accumulated data is passed to or from the actual file.
True or False?

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REBOOT(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 						 REBOOT(8)

reboot, halt, fastboot, fasthalt -- stopping and restarting the system SYNOPSIS
halt [-lnpq] [-k kernel] reboot [-dlnpq] [-k kernel] fasthalt [-lnpq] [-k kernel] fastboot [-dlnpq] [-k kernel] DESCRIPTION
The halt and reboot utilities flush the file system cache to disk, send all running processes a SIGTERM (and subsequently a SIGKILL) and, respectively, halt or restart the system. The action is logged, including entering a shutdown record into the user accounting database. The options are as follows: -d The system is requested to create a crash dump. This option is supported only when rebooting, and it has no effect unless a dump device has previously been specified with dumpon(8). -k kernel Boot the specified kernel on the next system boot. If the kernel boots successfully, the default kernel will be booted on successive boots, this is a one-shot option. If the boot fails, the system will continue attempting to boot kernel until the boot process is interrupted and a valid kernel booted. This may change in the future. -l The halt or reboot is not logged to the system log. This option is intended for applications such as shutdown(8), that call reboot or halt and log this themselves. -n The file system cache is not flushed. This option should probably not be used. -p The system will turn off the power if it can. If the power down action fails, the system will halt or reboot normally, depending on whether halt or reboot was called. -q The system is halted or restarted quickly and ungracefully, and only the flushing of the file system cache is performed (if the -n option is not specified). This option should probably not be used. The fasthalt and fastboot utilities are nothing more than aliases for the halt and reboot utilities. Normally, the shutdown(8) utility is used when the system needs to be halted or restarted, giving users advance warning of their impending doom and cleanly terminating specific programs. SEE ALSO
getutxent(3), boot(8), dumpon(8), nextboot(8), savecore(8), shutdown(8), sync(8) HISTORY
A reboot utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. BSD
October 11, 2010 BSD

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