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Top Forums UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers How to Replace,Sort,and Append Character one script Post 302146579 by ashikin_8119 on Wednesday 21st of November 2007 08:18:30 AM
Old 11-21-2007
How to Replace,Sort,and Append Character one script

Hi all
i am very new to shell scripting,hope u guys can help

i need to replace,sort and append character for the file that look like this:

1007032811010001000100000001X700026930409
1007032811010001000200000002X700026930409
1007032711020001000300000003X700026930409
1007032812010001000100000001X700026930409
1007032817010001000200000002X700026930409
1007032817010001000300000003X700026930409

into a file that look like this:

0
1
2007032711020001000300000003X700026930409
1
2007032811010001000100000001X700026930409
2007032811010001000200000002X700026930409
1
2007032812010001000100000001X700026930409
1
2007032817010001000200000002X700026930409
2007032817010001000300000003X700026930409


0 -----> refer (i) below
1 -----> refer (iii) below
2007032711020001000300000003X700026930409 -----> refer (ii,iii) below
1 2007032811010001000100000001X700026930409
2007032811010001000200000002X700026930409
1
2007032812010001000100000001X700026930409
1
2007032817010001000200000002X700026930409
2007032817010001000300000003X700026930409

basically i need to
i)add '0' for the first line
ii)replace first character if it is '1' to become '2'
iii)group the line based on the sorting (sort -k1.1n) and add one new line of '1' for each line that share the same first 14

how to do all these in one script?huhuuhuh

hope u guys can help(cuz i'm totally blank Smilie)

thanks in advance
 
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sortbib(1)							   User Commands							sortbib(1)

NAME
sortbib - sort a bibliographic database SYNOPSIS
sortbib [-s KEYS] database... DESCRIPTION
sortbib sorts files of records containing refer key-letters by user-specified keys. Records may be separated by blank lines, or by `.[' and `.]' delimiters, but the two styles may not be mixed together. This program reads through each database and pulls out key fields, which are sorted separately. The sorted key fields contain the file pointer, byte offset, and length of corresponding records. These records are delivered using disk seeks and reads, so sortbib may not be used in a pipeline to read standard input. The most common key-letters and their meanings are given below. %A Author's name %B Book containing article referenced %C City (place of publication) %D Date of publication %E Editor of book containing article referenced %F Footnote number or label (supplied by refer) %G Government order number %H Header commentary, printed before reference %I Issuer (publisher) %J Journal containing article %K Keywords to use in locating reference %L Label field used by -k option of refer %M Bell Labs Memorandum (undefined) %N Number within volume %O Other commentary, printed at end of reference %P Page number(s) %Q Corporate or Foreign Author (unreversed) %R Report, paper, or thesis (unpublished) %S Series title %T Title of article or book %V Volume number %X Abstract -- used by roffbib, not by refer %Y,Z Ignored by refer By default, sortbib alphabetizes by the first %A and the %D fields, which contain the senior author and date. sortbib sorts on the last word on the %A line, which is assumed to be the author's last name. A word in the final position, such as `jr.' or `ed.', will be ignored if the name beforehand ends with a comma. Authors with two-word last names or unusual constructions can be sorted correctly by using the nroff convention `' in place of a blank. A %Q field is considered to be the same as %A, except sorting begins with the first, not the last, word. sortbib sorts on the last word of the %D line, usually the year. It also ignores leading articles (like `A' or `The') when sorting by titles in the %T or %J fields; it will ignore articles of any modern European language. If a sort-significant field is absent from a record, sortbib places that record before other records containing that field. No more than 16 databases may be sorted together at one time. Records longer than 4096 characters will be truncated. OPTIONS
-sKEYS Specify new KEYS. For instance, -sATD will sort by author, title, and date, while -sA+D will sort by all authors, and date. Sort keys past the fourth are not meaningful. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWdoc | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
addbib(1), indxbib(1), lookbib(1), refer(1), roffbib(1), attributes(5) BUGS
Records with missing author fields should probably be sorted by title. SunOS 5.10 14 Sep 1992 sortbib(1)

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