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System Administration Commands			     beadm(1M)

NAME
     beadm - utility for managing zfs boot environments

SYNOPSIS
     /usr/sbin/beadm

     beadm create [-a] [-d description]
	 [-e non-activeBeName | beName@snapshot]
	 [-o property=value] ... [-p zpool] beName

     beadm create beName@snapshot

     beadm destroy [-fF] beName | beName@snapshot

     beadm list [-a | -ds] [-H] [beName]

     beadm mount beName mountpoint

     beadm unmount [-f] beName

     beadm rename beName newBeName

     beadm activate beName

DESCRIPTION
     The beadm command is the user interface for managing zfs
     Boot Environments (BEs). This utility is intended to be
     used by System Administrators who want to manage multiple
     Solaris Instances on a single system.

     The beadm command will support the following operations:

     - Create a new BE, based on the active BE.
     - Create a new BE, based on an inactive BE.
     - Create a snapshot of an existing BE.
     - Create a new BE, based on an existing snapshot.
     - Create a new BE, and copy it to a different zpool.
     - Activate an existing, inactive BE.
     - Mount a BE.
     - Unmount a BE.
     - Destroy a BE.
     - Destroy a snapshot of a BE.
     - Rename an existing, inactive BE.
     - Display information about your snapshots and datasets.

SUBCOMMANDS
     The beadm command has the subcommands and options listed
     below. Also see EXAMPLES below.

     beadm

	Displays command usage.

     beadm create [-a] [-d description]
	 [-e non-activeBeName | beName@snapshot]
	 [-o property=value] ... [-p zpool] beName

	Creates  a  new  boot  environment  named beName.  If the
	-e option is not provided, the new boot environment  will
	be  created  as  a  clone  of  the currently running boot
	environment. If  the  -d  option  is  provided	then  the
	description  is  also  used  as  the  title  for the BE's
	entry in the GRUB menu for x86 systems	or  in	the  boot
	menu for SPARC systems. If the -d option is not provided,
	beName will be used as the title.

	-a			Activate  the  newly  created  BE
				upon creation.	The default is to
				not activate  the  newly  created
				BE.

	-d  description 	 Create  a  new  BE  with a desc-
				ription associated with it.

	-e non-activeBeName	Create a new BE from an  existing
				inactive BE.

	-e  beName@snapshot	 Create a new BE from an existing
				snapshot of the BE named beName.

	-o property=value	Create the datasets  for  new  BE
				with   specific  ZFS  properties.
				Multiple  -o   options	 can   be
				specified.   See zfs(1M) for more
				information on the -o option.

	-p  zpool		 Create  the  new   BE	 in   the
				specified  zpool.  If this is not
				provided, the default behavior is
				to  create the new BE in the same
				pool as as the origin BE.

     beadm create beName@snapshot

	Creates a snapshot of the existing BE named beName.

     beadm destroy [-fF] beName | beName@snapshot

	Destroys the boot environment named  beName  or  destroys
	an  existing  snapshot	of  the  boot  environment  named
	beName@snapshot.  Destroying a boot environment will also
	destroy  all  snapshots  of  that  boot environment.  Use
	this command with caution.

	-f		Forcefully unmount the	boot  environment
			if it is currently mounted.

	-F		Force  the  action  without  prompting to
			verify	the  destruction  of   the   boot
			environment.

     beadm list [-a | -ds] [-H] [beName]

	Lists  information  about  the	existing boot environment
	named  beName,	or  lists  information	 for   all   boot
	environments  if  beName  is  not provided.  The 'Active'
	field indicates whether the boot  environment  is  active
	now,  represented  by  'N'; active on reboot, represented
	by 'R'; or both, represented by 'NR'.

	Each line in the machine parasable output  has	the  boot
	environment  name  as the first field.	The 'Space' field
	is  displayed  in  bytes  and  the  'Created'  field   is
	displayed  in  UTC  format.   The  -H option used with no
	other options gives the boot environment's  uuid  in  the
	second	field.	 This  field  will  be	blank if the boot
	environment does not  have  a  uuid.   See  the  EXAMPLES
	section.

	-a		Lists  all  available  information  about
			the  boot  environment.   This	 includes
			subordinate file systems and snapshots.

	-d		Lists  information  about all subordinate
			file  systems  belonging  to   the   boot
			environment.

	-s		Lists  information  about  the	snapshots
			of the boot environment.

	-H		Do not	list  header  information.   Each
			field	in   the   list   information  is
			separated by a semicolon.

     beadm mount beName mountpoint

	Mounts a boot environment named beName at mountpoint.
	mountpoint must be an already existing empty directory.

     beadm unmount [-f] beName

	Unmounts the boot environment named beName.

	-f		Forcefully unmount the	boot  environment
			even if its currently busy.

     beadm rename beName newBeName

	Renames the boot environment named beName to newBeName.

     beadm activate beName

	Makes beName the active BE on next reboot.

EXAMPLES

Example  1:  Create  a	new  BE named BE1, by cloning the current
	live BE.

    # beadm create BE1

Example 2: Create a new BE named BE2,  by  cloning  the  existing
	inactive BE named BE1.

    # beadm create -e BE1 BE2

Example  3:  Create  a	snapshot  named  now  of  the existing BE
	named BE1.

    # beadm create BE1@now

Example 4: Create a new BE named  BE3,	by  cloning  an  existing
	snapshot of BE1.

    # beadm create -e BE1@now BE3

Example  5:  Create  a	new  BE  named BE4 based on the currently
	running BE.  Create the new BE in rpool2.

    # beadm create -p rpool2 BE4

Example 6: Create a new BE  named  BE5	based  on  the	currently
	running  BE.   Create  the  new  BE in rpool2, and create
	its datasets with compression turned on.

    # beadm create -p rpool2 -o compression=on BE5

Example 7: Create a new BE  named  BE6	based  on  the	currently
	running BE and provide a description for it.

    # beadm create -d "BE6 used as test environment" BE6

Example 8: Activate an existing, inactive BE named BE3.

    # beadm activate BE3

Example 9: Mount the BE named BE3 at /mnt.

    # beadm mount BE3 /mnt

Example 10: Unmount the mounted BE named BE3.

    # beadm unmount BE3

Example 11: Destroy the BE named BE3 without verification.

    # beadm destroy -f BE3

Example 12: Destroy the snapshot named now of BE1.

    # beadm destroy BE1@now

Example  13:  Rename  the  existing,  inactive	BE  named  BE1 to
	BE3.

    # beadm rename BE1 BE3

Example 14: List all existing boot environments.

    # beadm list
    BE	Active Mountpoint Space  Policy Created
    --	------ ---------- -----  ------ -------
    BE2 -      -	  72.0K  static 2008-05-21 12:26
    BE3 -      -	  332.0K static 2008-08-26 10:28
    BE4 -      -	  15.78M static 2008-09-05 18:20
    BE5 NR     /	  7.25G  static 2008-09-09 16:53

Example 14: List all  existing	boot  environmets  and	list  all
	dataset   and	snapshot  information  about  those  boot
	environments.

    # beadm list -d -s

    BE/Dataset/Snapshot     Active Mountpoint Space   Policy Created
    -------------------     ------ ---------- -----   ------ -------
    BE2
       p/ROOT/BE2	    -	   -	      36.0K   static 2008-05-21 12:26
       p/ROOT/BE2/opt	    -	   -	      18.0K   static 2008-05-21 16:26
       p/ROOT/BE2/opt@now   -	   -	      0       static 2008-09-08 22:43
       p/ROOT/BE2@now	    -	   -	      0       static 2008-09-08 22:43
    BE3
       p/ROOT/BE3	    -	   -	      192.0K  static 2008-08-26 10:28
       p/ROOT/BE3/opt	    -	   -	      86.0K   static 2008-08-26 10:28
       p/ROOT/BE3/opt/local -	   -	      36.0K   static 2008-08-28 10:58
    BE4
       p/ROOT/BE4	    -	   -	      15.78M  static 2008-09-05 18:20
    BE5
       p/ROOT/BE5	    NR	   /	      6.10G   static 2008-09-09 16:53
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt	    -	   /opt       24.55M  static 2008-09-09 16:53
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt@bar   -	   -	      18.38M  static 2008-09-10 00:59
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt@foo   -	   -	      18.38M  static 2008-06-10 16:37
       p/ROOT/BE5@bar	    -	   -	      139.44M static 2008-09-10 00:59
       p/ROOT/BE5@foo	    -	   -	      912.85M static 2008-06-10 16:37

Example 15: List all dataset and snapshot information about BE5

    # beadm list -a BE5

    BE/Dataset/Snapshot   Active Mountpoint Space   Policy Created
    -------------------   ------ ---------- -----   ------ -------
    BE5
       p/ROOT/BE5	  NR	 /	    6.10G   static 2008-09-09 16:53
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt	  -	 /opt	    24.55M  static 2008-09-09 16:53
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt@bar -	 -	    18.38M  static 2008-09-10 00:59
       p/ROOT/BE5/opt@foo -	 -	    18.38M  static 2008-06-10 16:37
       p/ROOT/BE5@bar	  -	 -	    139.44M static 2008-09-10 00:59
       p/ROOT/BE5@foo	  -	 -	    912.85M static 2008-06-10 16:37

Example 16: List machine  parsable  information  about	all  boot
	environments.

    # beadm list -H

    BE2;;;;55296;static;1211397974
    BE3;;;;339968;static;1219771706
    BE4;;;;16541696;static;1220664051
    BE5;215b8387-4968-627c-d2d0-f4a011414bab;NR;/;7786206208;static;1221004384

EXIT STATUS
     The following exit values are returned:

	0 - Success
	>0 - Failure

FILES

    /var/log/beadm/<beName>/create.log.<yyyymmdd_hhmmss>

	Log used for capturing beadm create output

	yyyymmdd_hhmmss - 20071130_140558
	yy - year; 2007
	mm - month; 11
	dd - day; 30
	hh - hour; 14
	mm - minute; 05
	ss - second; 58

ATTRIBUTES
    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
    butes:

     ____________________________________________________________
    |	    ATTRIBUTE TYPE	  |	  ATTRIBUTE VALUE	|
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability		  | SUNWbeadm			|
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Interface Stability	  | Uncommitted 		|
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO
    zfs(1M)

NOTES		      Last change: 10 September 2008
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