Go Back    


Recursive Search Engine for Linux and Unix Man Pages by Neo
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)

ACCT(5) 			    Linux Programmer's Manual				  ACCT(5)

NAME
       acct - process accounting file

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/acct.h>

DESCRIPTION
       If   the   kernel   is	built	with   the   process   accounting  option  enabled  (CON-
       FIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT), then calling acct(2) starts process accounting, for example:

	   acct("/var/log/pacct");

       When process accounting is enabled, the kernel writes a record to the accounting  file  as
       each  process on the system terminates.	This record contains information about the termi-
       nated process, and is defined in <sys/acct.h> as follows:

	   #define ACCT_COMM 16

	   typedef u_int16_t comp_t;

	   struct acct {
	       char ac_flag;	       /* Accounting flags */
	       u_int16_t ac_uid;       /* Accounting user ID */
	       u_int16_t ac_gid;       /* Accounting group ID */
	       u_int16_t ac_tty;       /* Controlling terminal */
	       u_int32_t ac_btime;     /* Process creation time
					  (seconds since the Epoch) */
	       comp_t	 ac_utime;     /* User CPU time */
	       comp_t	 ac_stime;     /* System CPU time */
	       comp_t	 ac_etime;     /* Elapsed time */
	       comp_t	 ac_mem;       /* Average memory usage (kB) */
	       comp_t	 ac_io;        /* Characters transferred (unused) */
	       comp_t	 ac_rw;        /* Blocks read or written (unused) */
	       comp_t	 ac_minflt;    /* Minor page faults */
	       comp_t	 ac_majflt;    /* Major page faults */
	       comp_t	 ac_swaps;     /* Number of swaps (unused) */
	       u_int32_t ac_exitcode;  /* Process termination status
					  (see wait(2)) */
	       char	 ac_comm[ACCT_COMM+1];
				       /* Command name (basename of last
					  executed command; null-terminated) */
	       char	 ac_pad[X];    /* padding bytes */
	   };

	   enum {	   /* Bits that may be set in ac_flag field */
	       AFORK = 0x01,	       /* Has executed fork, but no exec */
	       ASU   = 0x02,	       /* Used superuser privileges */
	       ACORE = 0x08,	       /* Dumped core */
	       AXSIG = 0x10	       /* Killed by a signal */
	   };

       The comp_t data type is a floating-point value consisting of a 3-bit, base-8 exponent, and
       a  13-bit mantissa.  A value, c, of this type can be converted to a (long) integer as fol-
       lows:

	   v = (c & 0x1fff) << (((c >> 13) & 0x7) * 3);

       The ac_utime, ac_stime, and ac_etime fields measure time in "clock  ticks";  divide  these
       values by sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK) to convert them to seconds.

   Version 3 accounting file format
       Since kernel 2.6.8, an optional alternative version of the accounting file can be produced
       if the CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT_V3 option is set	when  building	the  kernel.   With  this
       option  is  set, the records written to the accounting file contain additional fields, and
       the width of c_uid and ac_gid fields is widened from 16 to  32  bits  (in  line	with  the
       increased  size	of UID and GIDs in Linux 2.4 and later).  The records are defined as fol-
       lows:

	   struct acct_v3 {
	       char	 ac_flag;      /* Flags */
	       char	 ac_version;   /* Always set to ACCT_VERSION (3) */
	       u_int16_t ac_tty;       /* Controlling terminal */
	       u_int32_t ac_exitcode;  /* Process termination status */
	       u_int32_t ac_uid;       /* Real user ID */
	       u_int32_t ac_gid;       /* Real group ID */
	       u_int32_t ac_pid;       /* Process ID */
	       u_int32_t ac_ppid;      /* Parent process ID */
	       u_int32_t ac_btime;     /* Process creation time */
	       float	 ac_etime;     /* Elapsed time */
	       comp_t	 ac_utime;     /* User CPU time */
	       comp_t	 ac_stime;     /* System time */
	       comp_t	 ac_mem;       /* Average memory usage (kB) */
	       comp_t	 ac_io;        /* Characters transferred (unused) */
	       comp_t	 ac_rw;        /* Blocks read or written
					  (unused) */
	       comp_t	 ac_minflt;    /* Minor page faults */
	       comp_t	 ac_majflt;    /* Major page faults */
	       comp_t	 ac_swaps;     /* Number of swaps (unused) */
	       char	 ac_comm[ACCT_COMM]; /* Command name */
	   };

VERSIONS
       The acct_v3 structure is defined in glibc since version 2.6.

CONFORMING TO
       Process accounting originated on BSD.  Although it is present on most systems, it  is  not
       standardized, and the details vary somewhat between systems.

NOTES
       Records in the accounting file are ordered by termination time of the process.

       In  kernels  up	to  and including 2.6.9, a separate accounting record is written for each
       thread created using the NPTL threading library; since Linux 2.6.10, a  single  accounting
       record is written for the entire process on termination of the last thread in the process.

       The  proc/sys/kernel/acct  file,  described  in proc(5), defines settings that control the
       behavior of process accounting when disk space runs low.

SEE ALSO
       lastcomm(1), acct(2), accton(8), sa(8)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2008-06-15					  ACCT(5)
The UNIX and Linux Forums Man Pages : 2014 The UNIX and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 11:33 AM.