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QUEUE(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 			 QUEUE(3)

NAME
     SLIST_EMPTY, SLIST_ENTRY, SLIST_FIRST, SLIST_FOREACH, SLIST_FOREACH_SAFE, SLIST_HEAD,
     SLIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER, SLIST_INIT, SLIST_INSERT_AFTER, SLIST_INSERT_HEAD, SLIST_NEXT,
     SLIST_REMOVE_AFTER, SLIST_REMOVE_HEAD, SLIST_REMOVE, STAILQ_CONCAT, STAILQ_EMPTY,
     STAILQ_ENTRY, STAILQ_FIRST, STAILQ_FOREACH, STAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE, STAILQ_HEAD,
     STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER, STAILQ_INIT, STAILQ_INSERT_AFTER, STAILQ_INSERT_HEAD,
     STAILQ_INSERT_TAIL, STAILQ_LAST, STAILQ_NEXT, STAILQ_REMOVE_AFTER, STAILQ_REMOVE_HEAD,
     STAILQ_REMOVE, LIST_EMPTY, LIST_ENTRY, LIST_FIRST, LIST_FOREACH, LIST_FOREACH_SAFE,
     LIST_HEAD, LIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER, LIST_INIT, LIST_INSERT_AFTER, LIST_INSERT_BEFORE,
     LIST_INSERT_HEAD, LIST_NEXT, LIST_REMOVE, TAILQ_CONCAT, TAILQ_EMPTY, TAILQ_ENTRY,
     TAILQ_FIRST, TAILQ_FOREACH, TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE, TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE,
     TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE_SAFE, TAILQ_HEAD, TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER, TAILQ_INIT,
     TAILQ_INSERT_AFTER, TAILQ_INSERT_BEFORE, TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD, TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL, TAILQ_LAST,
     TAILQ_NEXT, TAILQ_PREV, TAILQ_REMOVE -- implementations of singly-linked lists, singly-
     linked tail queues, lists and tail queues

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/queue.h>

     SLIST_EMPTY(SLIST_HEAD *head);

     SLIST_ENTRY(TYPE);

     SLIST_FIRST(SLIST_HEAD *head);

     SLIST_FOREACH(TYPE *var, SLIST_HEAD *head, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_FOREACH_SAFE(TYPE *var, SLIST_HEAD *head, SLIST_ENTRY NAME, TYPE *temp_var);

     SLIST_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE);

     SLIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(SLIST_HEAD head);

     SLIST_INIT(SLIST_HEAD *head);

     SLIST_INSERT_AFTER(TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_INSERT_HEAD(SLIST_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_NEXT(TYPE *elm, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_REMOVE_AFTER(TYPE *elm, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_REMOVE_HEAD(SLIST_HEAD *head, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     SLIST_REMOVE(SLIST_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, TYPE, SLIST_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_CONCAT(STAILQ_HEAD *head1, STAILQ_HEAD *head2);

     STAILQ_EMPTY(STAILQ_HEAD *head);

     STAILQ_ENTRY(TYPE);

     STAILQ_FIRST(STAILQ_HEAD *head);

     STAILQ_FOREACH(TYPE *var, STAILQ_HEAD *head, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(TYPE *var, STAILQ_HEAD *head, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME, TYPE *temp_var);

     STAILQ_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE);

     STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(STAILQ_HEAD head);

     STAILQ_INIT(STAILQ_HEAD *head);

     STAILQ_INSERT_AFTER(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_LAST(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_NEXT(TYPE *elm, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_REMOVE_AFTER(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_REMOVE_HEAD(STAILQ_HEAD *head, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     STAILQ_REMOVE(STAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, TYPE, STAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_EMPTY(LIST_HEAD *head);

     LIST_ENTRY(TYPE);

     LIST_FIRST(LIST_HEAD *head);

     LIST_FOREACH(TYPE *var, LIST_HEAD *head, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(TYPE *var, LIST_HEAD *head, LIST_ENTRY NAME, TYPE *temp_var);

     LIST_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE);

     LIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(LIST_HEAD head);

     LIST_INIT(LIST_HEAD *head);

     LIST_INSERT_AFTER(TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_INSERT_BEFORE(TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_INSERT_HEAD(LIST_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_NEXT(TYPE *elm, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     LIST_REMOVE(TYPE *elm, LIST_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_CONCAT(TAILQ_HEAD *head1, TAILQ_HEAD *head2, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_EMPTY(TAILQ_HEAD *head);

     TAILQ_ENTRY(TYPE);

     TAILQ_FIRST(TAILQ_HEAD *head);

     TAILQ_FOREACH(TYPE *var, TAILQ_HEAD *head, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(TYPE *var, TAILQ_HEAD *head, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME, TYPE *temp_var);

     TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE(TYPE *var, TAILQ_HEAD *head, HEADNAME, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE_SAFE(TYPE *var, TAILQ_HEAD *head, HEADNAME, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME,
	 TYPE *temp_var);

     TAILQ_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE);

     TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(TAILQ_HEAD head);

     TAILQ_INIT(TAILQ_HEAD *head);

     TAILQ_INSERT_AFTER(TAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_INSERT_BEFORE(TYPE *listelm, TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(TAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(TAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_LAST(TAILQ_HEAD *head, HEADNAME);

     TAILQ_NEXT(TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_PREV(TYPE *elm, HEADNAME, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

     TAILQ_REMOVE(TAILQ_HEAD *head, TYPE *elm, TAILQ_ENTRY NAME);

DESCRIPTION
     These macros define and operate on four types of data structures: singly-linked lists,
     singly-linked tail queues, lists, and tail queues.  All four structures support the follow-
     ing functionality:
	   1.	Insertion of a new entry at the head of the list.
	   2.	Insertion of a new entry after any element in the list.
	   3.	O(1) removal of an entry from the head of the list.
	   4.	Forward traversal through the list.

     O(n) removal of any entry in the list.  Singly-linked lists are the simplest of the four
     data structures and support only the above functionality.	Singly-linked lists are ideal for
     applications with large datasets and few or no removals, or for implementing a LIFO queue.
     Singly-linked lists add the following functionality:
	   1.	O(n) removal of any entry in the list.

     Singly-linked tail queues add the following functionality:
	   1.	Entries can be added at the end of a list.
	   2.	O(n) removal of any entry in the list.
	   3.	They may be concatenated.
     However:
	   1.	All list insertions must specify the head of the list.
	   2.	Each head entry requires two pointers rather than one.
	   3.	Code size is about 15% greater and operations run about 20% slower than singly-
		linked lists.

     Singly-linked tailqs are ideal for applications with large datasets and few or no removals,
     or for implementing a FIFO queue.

     All doubly linked types of data structures (lists and tail queues) additionally allow:
	   1.	Insertion of a new entry before any element in the list.
	   2.	O(1) removal of any entry in the list.
     However:
	   1.	Each elements requires two pointers rather than one.
	   2.	Code size and execution time of operations (except for removal) is about twice
		that of the singly-linked data-structures.

     Linked lists are the simplest of the doubly linked data structures and support only the
     above functionality over singly-linked lists.

     Tail queues add the following functionality:
	   1.	Entries can be added at the end of a list.
	   2.	They may be traversed backwards, from tail to head.
	   3.	They may be concatenated.
     However:
	   1.	All list insertions and removals must specify the head of the list.
	   2.	Each head entry requires two pointers rather than one.
	   3.	Code size is about 15% greater and operations run about 20% slower than singly-
		linked lists.

     In the macro definitions, TYPE is the name of a user defined structure, that must contain a
     field of type SLIST_ENTRY, STAILQ_ENTRY, LIST_ENTRY, or TAILQ_ENTRY, named NAME.  The argu-
     ment HEADNAME is the name of a user defined structure that must be declared using the macros
     SLIST_HEAD, STAILQ_HEAD, LIST_HEAD, or TAILQ_HEAD.  See the examples below for further
     explanation of how these macros are used.

SINGLY-LINKED LISTS
     A singly-linked list is headed by a structure defined by the SLIST_HEAD macro.  This struc-
     ture contains a single pointer to the first element on the list.  The elements are singly
     linked for minimum space and pointer manipulation overhead at the expense of O(n) removal
     for arbitrary elements.  New elements can be added to the list after an existing element or
     at the head of the list.  An SLIST_HEAD structure is declared as follows:

	   SLIST_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE) head;

     where HEADNAME is the name of the structure to be defined, and TYPE is the type of the ele-
     ments to be linked into the list.	A pointer to the head of the list can later be declared
     as:

	   struct HEADNAME *headp;

     (The names head and headp are user selectable.)

     The macro SLIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER evaluates to an initializer for the list head.

     The macro SLIST_EMPTY evaluates to true if there are no elements in the list.

     The macro SLIST_ENTRY declares a structure that connects the elements in the list.

     The macro SLIST_FIRST returns the first element in the list or NULL if the list is empty.

     The macro SLIST_FOREACH traverses the list referenced by head in the forward direction,
     assigning each element in turn to var.

     The macro SLIST_FOREACH_SAFE traverses the list referenced by head in the forward direction,
     assigning each element in turn to var.  However, unlike SLIST_FOREACH() here it is permitted
     to both remove var as well as free it from within the loop safely without interfering with
     the traversal.

     The macro SLIST_INIT initializes the list referenced by head.

     The macro SLIST_INSERT_HEAD inserts the new element elm at the head of the list.

     The macro SLIST_INSERT_AFTER inserts the new element elm after the element listelm.

     The macro SLIST_NEXT returns the next element in the list.

     The macro SLIST_REMOVE_AFTER removes the element after elm from the list. Unlike
     SLIST_REMOVE, this macro does not traverse the entire list.

     The macro SLIST_REMOVE_HEAD removes the element elm from the head of the list.  For optimum
     efficiency, elements being removed from the head of the list should explicitly use this
     macro instead of the generic SLIST_REMOVE macro.

     The macro SLIST_REMOVE removes the element elm from the list.

SINGLY-LINKED LIST EXAMPLE
     SLIST_HEAD(slisthead, entry) head =
	 SLIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(head);
     struct slisthead *headp;		     /* Singly-linked List head. */
     struct entry {
	     ...
	     SLIST_ENTRY(entry) entries;     /* Singly-linked List. */
	     ...
     } *n1, *n2, *n3, *np;

     SLIST_INIT(&head); 		     /* Initialize the list. */

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the head. */
     SLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&head, n1, entries);

     n2 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert after. */
     SLIST_INSERT_AFTER(n1, n2, entries);

     SLIST_REMOVE(&head, n2, entry, entries);/* Deletion. */
     free(n2);

     n3 = SLIST_FIRST(&head);
     SLIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&head, entries);      /* Deletion from the head. */
     free(n3);
					     /* Forward traversal. */
     SLIST_FOREACH(np, &head, entries)
	     np-> ...
					     /* Safe forward traversal. */
     SLIST_FOREACH_SAFE(np, &head, entries, np_temp) {
	     np->do_stuff();
	     ...
	     SLIST_REMOVE(&head, np, entry, entries);
	     free(np);
     }

     while (!SLIST_EMPTY(&head)) {	     /* List Deletion. */
	     n1 = SLIST_FIRST(&head);
	     SLIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&head, entries);
	     free(n1);
     }

SINGLY-LINKED TAIL QUEUES
     A singly-linked tail queue is headed by a structure defined by the STAILQ_HEAD macro.  This
     structure contains a pair of pointers, one to the first element in the tail queue and the
     other to the last element in the tail queue.  The elements are singly linked for minimum
     space and pointer manipulation overhead at the expense of O(n) removal for arbitrary ele-
     ments.  New elements can be added to the tail queue after an existing element, at the head
     of the tail queue, or at the end of the tail queue.  A STAILQ_HEAD structure is declared as
     follows:

	   STAILQ_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE) head;

     where HEADNAME is the name of the structure to be defined, and TYPE is the type of the ele-
     ments to be linked into the tail queue.  A pointer to the head of the tail queue can later
     be declared as:

	   struct HEADNAME *headp;

     (The names head and headp are user selectable.)

     The macro STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER evaluates to an initializer for the tail queue head.

     The macro STAILQ_CONCAT concatenates the tail queue headed by head2 onto the end of the one
     headed by head1 removing all entries from the former.

     The macro STAILQ_EMPTY evaluates to true if there are no items on the tail queue.

     The macro STAILQ_ENTRY declares a structure that connects the elements in the tail queue.

     The macro STAILQ_FIRST returns the first item on the tail queue or NULL if the tail queue is
     empty.

     The macro STAILQ_FOREACH traverses the tail queue referenced by head in the forward direc-
     tion, assigning each element in turn to var.

     The macro STAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE traverses the tail queue referenced by head in the forward
     direction, assigning each element in turn to var.	However, unlike STAILQ_FOREACH() here it
     is permitted to both remove var as well as free it from within the loop safely without
     interfering with the traversal.

     The macro STAILQ_INIT initializes the tail queue referenced by head.

     The macro STAILQ_INSERT_HEAD inserts the new element elm at the head of the tail queue.

     The macro STAILQ_INSERT_TAIL inserts the new element elm at the end of the tail queue.

     The macro STAILQ_INSERT_AFTER inserts the new element elm after the element listelm.

     The macro STAILQ_LAST returns the last item on the tail queue.  If the tail queue is empty
     the return value is NULL.

     The macro STAILQ_NEXT returns the next item on the tail queue, or NULL this item is the
     last.

     The macro STAILQ_REMOVE_AFTER removes the element after elm from the tail queue. Unlike
     STAILQ_REMOVE, this macro does not traverse the entire tail queue.

     The macro STAILQ_REMOVE_HEAD removes the element at the head of the tail queue.  For optimum
     efficiency, elements being removed from the head of the tail queue should use this macro
     explicitly rather than the generic STAILQ_REMOVE macro.

     The macro STAILQ_REMOVE removes the element elm from the tail queue.

SINGLY-LINKED TAIL QUEUE EXAMPLE
     STAILQ_HEAD(stailhead, entry) head =
	 STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(head);
     struct stailhead *headp;		     /* Singly-linked tail queue head. */
     struct entry {
	     ...
	     STAILQ_ENTRY(entry) entries;    /* Tail queue. */
	     ...
     } *n1, *n2, *n3, *np;

     STAILQ_INIT(&head);		     /* Initialize the queue. */

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the head. */
     STAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(&head, n1, entries);

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the tail. */
     STAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&head, n1, entries);

     n2 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert after. */
     STAILQ_INSERT_AFTER(&head, n1, n2, entries);
					     /* Deletion. */
     STAILQ_REMOVE(&head, n2, entry, entries);
     free(n2);
					     /* Deletion from the head. */
     n3 = STAILQ_FIRST(&head);
     STAILQ_REMOVE_HEAD(&head, entries);
     free(n3);
					     /* Forward traversal. */
     STAILQ_FOREACH(np, &head, entries)
	     np-> ...
					     /* Safe forward traversal. */
     STAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(np, &head, entries, np_temp) {
	     np->do_stuff();
	     ...
	     STAILQ_REMOVE(&head, np, entry, entries);
	     free(np);
     }
					     /* TailQ Deletion. */
     while (!STAILQ_EMPTY(&head)) {
	     n1 = STAILQ_FIRST(&head);
	     STAILQ_REMOVE_HEAD(&head, entries);
	     free(n1);
     }
					     /* Faster TailQ Deletion. */
     n1 = STAILQ_FIRST(&head);
     while (n1 != NULL) {
	     n2 = STAILQ_NEXT(n1, entries);
	     free(n1);
	     n1 = n2;
     }
     STAILQ_INIT(&head);

LISTS
     A list is headed by a structure defined by the LIST_HEAD macro.  This structure contains a
     single pointer to the first element on the list.  The elements are doubly linked so that an
     arbitrary element can be removed without traversing the list.  New elements can be added to
     the list after an existing element, before an existing element, or at the head of the list.
     A LIST_HEAD structure is declared as follows:

	   LIST_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE) head;

     where HEADNAME is the name of the structure to be defined, and TYPE is the type of the ele-
     ments to be linked into the list.	A pointer to the head of the list can later be declared
     as:

	   struct HEADNAME *headp;

     (The names head and headp are user selectable.)

     The macro LIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER evaluates to an initializer for the list head.

     The macro LIST_EMPTY evaluates to true if there are no elements in the list.

     The macro LIST_ENTRY declares a structure that connects the elements in the list.

     The macro LIST_FIRST returns the first element in the list or NULL if the list is empty.

     The macro LIST_FOREACH traverses the list referenced by head in the forward direction,
     assigning each element in turn to var.

     The macro LIST_FOREACH_SAFE traverses the list referenced by head in the forward direction,
     assigning each element in turn to var.  However, unlike LIST_FOREACH() here it is permitted
     to both remove var as well as free it from within the loop safely without interfering with
     the traversal.

     The macro LIST_INIT initializes the list referenced by head.

     The macro LIST_INSERT_HEAD inserts the new element elm at the head of the list.

     The macro LIST_INSERT_AFTER inserts the new element elm after the element listelm.

     The macro LIST_INSERT_BEFORE inserts the new element elm before the element listelm.

     The macro LIST_NEXT returns the next element in the list, or NULL if this is the last.

     The macro LIST_REMOVE removes the element elm from the list.

LIST EXAMPLE
     LIST_HEAD(listhead, entry) head =
	 LIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(head);
     struct listhead *headp;		     /* List head. */
     struct entry {
	     ...
	     LIST_ENTRY(entry) entries;      /* List. */
	     ...
     } *n1, *n2, *n3, *np, *np_temp;

     LIST_INIT(&head);			     /* Initialize the list. */

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the head. */
     LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&head, n1, entries);

     n2 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert after. */
     LIST_INSERT_AFTER(n1, n2, entries);

     n3 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert before. */
     LIST_INSERT_BEFORE(n2, n3, entries);

     LIST_REMOVE(n2, entries);		     /* Deletion. */
     free(n2);
					     /* Forward traversal. */
     LIST_FOREACH(np, &head, entries)
	     np-> ...

					     /* Safe forward traversal. */
     LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(np, &head, entries, np_temp) {
	     np->do_stuff();
	     ...
	     LIST_REMOVE(np, entries);
	     free(np);
     }

     while (!LIST_EMPTY(&head)) {	     /* List Deletion. */
	     n1 = LIST_FIRST(&head);
	     LIST_REMOVE(n1, entries);
	     free(n1);
     }

     n1 = LIST_FIRST(&head);		     /* Faster List Deletion. */
     while (n1 != NULL) {
	     n2 = LIST_NEXT(n1, entries);
	     free(n1);
	     n1 = n2;
     }
     LIST_INIT(&head);

TAIL QUEUES
     A tail queue is headed by a structure defined by the TAILQ_HEAD macro.  This structure con-
     tains a pair of pointers, one to the first element in the tail queue and the other to the
     last element in the tail queue.  The elements are doubly linked so that an arbitrary element
     can be removed without traversing the tail queue.	New elements can be added to the tail
     queue after an existing element, before an existing element, at the head of the tail queue,
     or at the end of the tail queue.  A TAILQ_HEAD structure is declared as follows:

	   TAILQ_HEAD(HEADNAME, TYPE) head;

     where HEADNAME is the name of the structure to be defined, and TYPE is the type of the ele-
     ments to be linked into the tail queue.  A pointer to the head of the tail queue can later
     be declared as:

	   struct HEADNAME *headp;

     (The names head and headp are user selectable.)

     The macro TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER evaluates to an initializer for the tail queue head.

     The macro TAILQ_CONCAT concatenates the tail queue headed by head2 onto the end of the one
     headed by head1 removing all entries from the former.

     The macro TAILQ_EMPTY evaluates to true if there are no items on the tail queue.

     The macro TAILQ_ENTRY declares a structure that connects the elements in the tail queue.

     The macro TAILQ_FIRST returns the first item on the tail queue or NULL if the tail queue is
     empty.

     The macro TAILQ_FOREACH traverses the tail queue referenced by head in the forward direc-
     tion, assigning each element in turn to var.  var is set to NULL if the loop completes nor-
     mally, or if there were no elements.

     The macro TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE traverses the tail queue referenced by head in the reverse
     direction, assigning each element in turn to var.

     The macros TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE and TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE_SAFE traverse the list referenced by
     head in the forward or reverse direction respectively, assigning each element in turn to
     var.  However, unlike their unsafe counterparts, TAILQ_FOREACH and TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE
     permit to both remove var as well as free it from within the loop safely without interfering
     with the traversal.

     The macro TAILQ_INIT initializes the tail queue referenced by head.

     The macro TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD inserts the new element elm at the head of the tail queue.

     The macro TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL inserts the new element elm at the end of the tail queue.

     The macro TAILQ_INSERT_AFTER inserts the new element elm after the element listelm.

     The macro TAILQ_INSERT_BEFORE inserts the new element elm before the element listelm.

     The macro TAILQ_LAST returns the last item on the tail queue.  If the tail queue is empty
     the return value is NULL.

     The macro TAILQ_NEXT returns the next item on the tail queue, or NULL if this item is the
     last.

     The macro TAILQ_PREV returns the previous item on the tail queue, or NULL if this item is
     the first.

     The macro TAILQ_REMOVE removes the element elm from the tail queue.

TAIL QUEUE EXAMPLE
     TAILQ_HEAD(tailhead, entry) head =
	 TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(head);
     struct tailhead *headp;		     /* Tail queue head. */
     struct entry {
	     ...
	     TAILQ_ENTRY(entry) entries;     /* Tail queue. */
	     ...
     } *n1, *n2, *n3, *np;

     TAILQ_INIT(&head); 		     /* Initialize the queue. */

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the head. */
     TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(&head, n1, entries);

     n1 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert at the tail. */
     TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&head, n1, entries);

     n2 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert after. */
     TAILQ_INSERT_AFTER(&head, n1, n2, entries);

     n3 = malloc(sizeof(struct entry));      /* Insert before. */
     TAILQ_INSERT_BEFORE(n2, n3, entries);

     TAILQ_REMOVE(&head, n2, entries);	     /* Deletion. */
     free(n2);
					     /* Forward traversal. */
     TAILQ_FOREACH(np, &head, entries)
	     np-> ...
					     /* Safe forward traversal. */
     TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(np, &head, entries, np_temp) {
	     np->do_stuff();
	     ...
	     TAILQ_REMOVE(&head, np, entries);
	     free(np);
     }
					     /* Reverse traversal. */
     TAILQ_FOREACH_REVERSE(np, &head, tailhead, entries)
	     np-> ...
					     /* TailQ Deletion. */
     while (!TAILQ_EMPTY(&head)) {
	     n1 = TAILQ_FIRST(&head);
	     TAILQ_REMOVE(&head, n1, entries);
	     free(n1);
     }
					     /* Faster TailQ Deletion. */
     n1 = TAILQ_FIRST(&head);
     while (n1 != NULL) {
	     n2 = TAILQ_NEXT(n1, entries);
	     free(n1);
	     n1 = n2;
     }
     TAILQ_INIT(&head);

HISTORY
     The queue functions first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BSD					  March 24, 2006				      BSD
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