man page for longjmp (all section 3)
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LONGJMP(3) Linux Programmer's Manual LONGJMP(3)
longjmp, siglongjmp - nonlocal jump to a saved stack context
void longjmp(jmp_buf env, int val);
void siglongjmp(sigjmp_buf env, int val);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
siglongjmp(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE
longjmp() and setjmp(3) are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a
low-level subroutine of a program. longjmp() restores the environment saved by the last
call of setjmp(3) with the corresponding env argument. After longjmp() is completed, pro-
gram execution continues as if the corresponding call of setjmp(3) had just returned the
value val. longjmp() cannot cause 0 to be returned. If longjmp() is invoked with a sec-
ond argument of 0, 1 will be returned instead.
siglongjmp() is similar to longjmp() except for the type of its env argument. If, and
only if, the sigsetjmp(3) call that set this env used a nonzero savesigs flag, sig-
longjmp() also restores the signal mask that was saved by sigsetjmp(3).
These functions never return.
C89, C99, and POSIX.1-2001 specify longjmp(). POSIX.1-2001 specifies siglongjmp().
POSIX does not specify whether longjmp() will restore the signal context (see setjmp(3)
for some more details). If you want to portably save and restore signal masks, use
sigsetjmp(3) and siglongjmp().
The values of automatic variables are unspecified after a call to longjmp() if they meet
all the following criteria:
o they are local to the function that made the corresponding setjmp(3) call;
o their values are changed between the calls to setjmp(3) and longjmp(); and
o they are not declared as volatile.
Analogous remarks apply for siglongjmp().
longjmp() and siglongjmp() make programs hard to understand and maintain. If possible an
alternative should be used.
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