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KILL(1) 			       Linux User's Manual				  KILL(1)

NAME
       kill - send a signal to a process

SYNOPSIS
       kill [ -signal | -s signal ] pid ...
       kill [ -L | -V, --version ]
       kill -l	[ signal ]

DESCRIPTION
       The default signal for kill is TERM. Use -l or -L to list available signals.  Particularly
       useful signals include HUP, INT, KILL, STOP, CONT, and 0.  Alternate signals may be speci-
       fied  in  three	ways: -9 -SIGKILL -KILL.  Negative PID values may be used to choose whole
       process groups; see the PGID column in ps command output. A PID of -1 is special; it indi-
       cates all processes except the kill process itself and init.

SIGNALS
       The signals listed below may be available for use with kill.  When known constant, numbers
       and default behavior are shown.

       Name	Num   Action	Description
       0	  0   n/a	exit code indicates if a signal may be sent
       ALRM	 14   exit
       HUP	  1   exit
       INT	  2   exit
       KILL	  9   exit	cannot be blocked
       PIPE	 13   exit
       POLL	      exit
       PROF	      exit
       TERM	 15   exit
       USR1	      exit
       USR2	      exit
       VTALRM	      exit
       STKFLT	      exit	might not be implemented
       PWR	      ignore	might exit on some systems
       WINCH	      ignore
       CHLD	      ignore
       URG	      ignore
       TSTP	      stop	might interact with the shell
       TTIN	      stop	might interact with the shell
       TTOU	      stop	might interact with the shell
       STOP	      stop	cannot be blocked
       CONT	      restart	continue if stopped, otherwise ignore
       ABRT	  6   core
       FPE	  8   core
       ILL	  4   core
       QUIT	  3   core
       SEGV	 11   core
       TRAP	  5   core
       SYS	      core	might not be implemented
       EMT	      core	might not be implemented
       BUS	      core	core dump might fail
       XCPU	      core	core dump might fail
       XFSZ	      core	core dump might fail

NOTES
       Your shell (command line interpreter) may have a built-in kill command.	You may  need  to
       run the command described here as /bin/kill to solve the conflict.

EXAMPLES
       kill -9 -1
	      Kill all processes you can kill.

       kill -l 11
	      Translate number 11 into a signal name.

       kill -L
	      List the available signal choices in a nice table.

       kill 123 543 2341 3453
	      Send the default signal, SIGTERM, to all those processes.

SEE ALSO
       pkill(1), skill(1), kill(2), renice(1), nice(1), signal(7), killall(1).

STANDARDS
       This command meets appropriate standards. The -L flag is Linux-specific.

AUTHOR
       Albert Cahalan <albert@users.sf.net> wrote kill in 1999 to replace a bsdutils one that was
       not standards compliant. The util-linux one might also work correctly.

       Please send bug reports to <procps-feedback@lists.sf.net>

Linux					November 21, 1999				  KILL(1)
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